Crystallography

A Very Short Introduction
Author: A. M. Glazer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198717598
Category: Science
Page: 140
View: 4441
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Crystals have fascinated us for centuries with their beauty and symmetry, and have often been invested with magical powers. The use of X-ray diffraction, first pioneered in 1912 by father and son William and Lawrence Bragg, enabled us to probe the structure of molecules, and heralded the scientific study of crystals, leading to an understanding of their atomic arrangements at a fundamental level. The new discipline, called X-ray crystallography, has subsequently evolved into a formidable science that underpins many other scientific areas. Starting from the determination of the structures of very simple crystals, such as that of common salt, today it has become almost routine to determine the positions of tens of thousands of atoms in a crystal. In this Very Short Introduction Mike Glazer shows how the discoveries in crystallography have been applied to the creation of new and important materials, to drugs and pharmaceuticals and to our understanding of genetics, cell biology, proteins, and viruses. Tracing the history of crystallography, he analyses astonishing developments in new sources of X-rays, as well as of neutrons, and in electron microscopy, and considers the impact they have on the study of crystals today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Minerals: A Very Short Introduction


Author: David Vaughan
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191505331
Category: Science
Page: 144
View: 7379
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Minerals existed long before any forms of life, playing a key role in the origin and evolution of life; an interaction with biological systems that we are only now beginning to understand. Exploring the traditional strand of mineralogy, which emphasises the important mineral families, the well-established analytical methods (optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction) and the dramatic developments made in techniques over recent decades, David Vaughan also introduces the modern strand of mineralogy, which explores the role minerals play in the plate tectonic cycle and how they interact with the living world. Demonstrating how minerals can be critical for human health and illness by providing essential nutrients and releasing poisons, Vaughan explores the multitude of ways in which minerals have aided our understanding of the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Peter Atkins
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191003115
Category: Science
Page: 144
View: 9016
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With the development of a variety of exciting new areas of research involving computational chemistry, nano- and smart materials, and applications of the recently discovered graphene, there can be no doubt that physical chemistry is a vitally important field. It is also perceived as the most daunting branch of chemistry, being necessarily grounded in physics and mathematics and drawing as it does on quantum mechanics, thermodynamics, and statistical thermodynamics. With his typical clarity and hardly a formula in sight, Peter Atkins' Very Short Introduction explores the contributions physical chemistry has made to all branches of chemistry. Providing an insight into its central concepts Atkins reveals the cultural contributions physical chemistry has made to our understanding of the natural world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Physics of SiO2 and Its Interfaces

Proceedings of the International Topical Conference on the Physics of SiO2 and Its Interfaces Held at the IBM Thomas J. Waston Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York, March 22-24, 1978
Author: Sokrates T. Pantelides
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 148313900X
Category: Science
Page: 500
View: 9511
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The Physics of SiO2 and Its Interfaces covers the proceedings of the International Topical Conference on the Physics of SiO2 and its Interfaces, held at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York on March 22-24, 1978. The book focuses on the properties, reactions, transformations, and structures of silicon dioxide (SiO2). The selection first discusses the electronic properties of vitreous SiO2 and small polaron formation and motion of holes in a-SiO2. Discussions focus on mobility edges and polarons, deep states in the gap, and excitons. The text also ponders on field-dependent hole and exciton transport in SiO2 and electron emission from SiO2 into vacuum. The publication takes a look at the electronic structures of crystalline and amorphous SiO2; band structures and electronic properties of SiO2; and optical absorption spectrum of SiO2. The text also tackles chemical bond and related properties of SiO2; topological effects on the band structure of silica; and properties of localized SiO2 clusters in layers of disordered silicon on silver. The selection is a good reference for physicists and readers interested in the physics of silicon dioxide.

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Academic libraries
Page: N.A
View: 1850
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Polish Journal of Chemistry


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Chemistry
Page: N.A
View: 6533
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ICASSP'91

Digital signal processing : Toronto, 1991
Author: IEEE Signal Processing Society
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780780300033
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 3732
View: 6827
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Technical Book Review Index


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Books
Page: N.A
View: 4871
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From Classical to Modern Chemistry

The Instrumental Revolution
Author: Peter J. T. Morris
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9780854044795
Category: Science
Page: 347
View: 8147
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This lavishly illustrated book provides a focal point for any historian of chemistry or chemist with an interest in this fascinating topic.

Journal of the Optical Society of America


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Optical instruments
Page: N.A
View: 6422
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