The Rise of Organised Brutality

Author: Sinia Maleević
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110709562X
Category: History
Page: 359
View: 7657
Challenging the prevailing belief that organised violence is experiencing historically continuous decline, this book provides an in-depth sociological analysis that shows organised violence is, in fact, on the rise. Malešević demonstrates that violence is determined by organisational capacity, ideological penetration and micro-solidarity, rather than biological tendencies, meaning that despite pre-modern societies being exposed to spectacles of cruelty and torture, such societies had no organisational means to systematically slaughter millions of individuals. Malešević suggests that violence should not be analysed as just an event or process, but also via changing perceptions of those events and processes, and by linking this to broader social transformations on the inter-polity and inter-group levels he makes his key argument that organised violence has proliferated. Focusing on wars, revolutions, genocides and terrorism, this book shows how modern social organisations utilise ideology and micro-solidarity to mobilise public support for mass scale violence.

The Sociology of Privatized Security

Author: Ori Swed,Thomas Crosbie
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319982222
Category: Social Science
Page: 281
View: 2854
The first book dedicated to the sociology of privatized security, this collection studies the important global trend of shifting security from public to private hands and the associated rise of Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) and their contractors. The volume first explores the trend itself, making important historical and theoretical revisions to the existing social science of private security. These chapters discuss why rulers buy, rent and create private militaries, why mercenaries have become private patriots, and why the legitimacy of military missions is undermined by the use of contractors. The next section challenges the idea that states have a monopoly on legitimate violence and questions our legal and economic assumptions about private security. The collection concludes with a discussion of the contractors themselves, focusing on gender, race, ethnicity, and other demographic factors. Featuring a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods and a range of theoretical and methodological innovations, this book will inspire sociologists to examine, with fresh eyes, the behind-the-scenes tension between the high drama of war and conflict and the mundane realities of privatized security contractors and their everyday lives.

Modern Subjectivities in World Society

Global Structures and Local Practices
Author: Dietrich Jung,Stephan Stetter
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319907344
Category: Political Science
Page: 235
View: 8708
This book brings together theories of world society with poststructuralist and postcolonial work on modern subjectivity to understand the universalising and particularising processes of globalisation. It addresses a theoretical void in global studies by attending to the co-constituted process through which modern subjectivities and global processes emerge and interact. The editors outline a key problem in global studies, which is a lack of engagement between the local/particular/individual and the ‘universalising’ processes in which they are situated. The volume deals with this concern with contributions from historical sociologists, poststructuralist and postcolonial scholars and by focusing in the Middle East, religion in global modernity and non-human subjectivities.

The Oxford Handbook of Terrorism

Author: Erica Chenoweth,Richard English,Andreas Gofas,Stathis N. Kalyvas
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191047147
Category: Political Science
Page: 704
View: 8018
The Oxford Handbook of Terrorism systematically integrates the substantial body of scholarship on terrorism and counterterrorism before and after 9/11. In doing so, it introduces scholars and practitioners to state of the art approaches, methods, and issues in studying and teaching these vital phenomena. This Handbook goes further than most existing collections by giving structure and direction to the fast-growing but somewhat disjointed field of terrorism studies. The volume locates terrorism within the wider spectrum of political violence instead of engaging in the widespread tendency towards treating terrorism as an exceptional act. Moreover, the volume makes a case for studying terrorism within its socio-historical context. Finally, the volume addresses the critique that the study of terrorism suffers from lack of theory by reviewing and extending the theoretical insights contributed by several fields - including political science, political economy, history, sociology, anthropology, criminology, law, geography, and psychology. In doing so, the volume showcases the analytical advancements and reflects on the challenges that remain since the emergence of the field in the early 1970s.

Grounded Nationalisms

Author: Sinisa Malesevic,Siniša Malešević
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110842516X
Category: Political Science
Page: 300
View: 5149
Malešević shows how the recent escalation of populist nationalism is not an anomaly, but the result of globalisation and nationalism developing together through modern history.

Human Rights in Cuba, El Salvador and Nicaragua

A Sociological Perspective on Human Rights Abuse
Author: Mayra Gomez
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135940541
Category: History
Page: 284
View: 1697
This book presents a historical perspective on patterns of human rights abuse in Cuba, El Salvador and Nicaragua and incorporates international relations in to the traditional theories of state repression found within the social sciences.

Sociology of North American Sport

Author: D. Stanley Eitzen,George Harvey Sage
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
ISBN: 9780697086259
Category: Sports
Page: 363
View: 6003


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Humanities
Page: N.A
View: 6127

A sociological perspective of sport

Author: Wilbert Marcellus Leonard
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780808738633
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 360
View: 4733


a text with adapted readings
Author: Leonard Broom,Philip Selznick
Publisher: Harper & Row, [1972
Category: Social Science
Page: 650
View: 2626